Ecology and Environment

ID 1200Ecology and Environment2--2BET
Biotechnology – 2 hrs duration

1. Modern approaches to explore bio-diversity and conservation.

Text Books:

1. Environment Problems and Solutions, D A Asthana and Meera Asthana, S Chand and Co 2001

Chemical Engg – 6 hrs duration

1. Control of particulate pollution : 1 hr
2. Control of gaseous pollution : 1 hr
3. Definitions & Classification of hazardous waste : 1 hr
4. Treatment of a typical hazardous waste : 1 hr
5. Advanced concepts in ecological conservation : 2 hrs

Chemistry – 5 hrs duration

Atmosphere: Chemical and physical aspects of Air Pollution – Chemical and photochemical reactions, ions & radicals, reactions of atmospheric constituents (oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, particulates), inorganic pollutants, global warming and acid rain (1 hr)

Organic Pollutants: Primary and secondary pollutants, chlorofluorocarbons and halons, stratospheric ozone depletion, its consequences and preventive measures, Smog – origin, effects and control (1 hr)

Air Pollutants: Analysis – chemical principles, major constituents and trace pollutants, detection and estimation, conventional and instrumental approaches (1 hr)

Water Pollutants: Analysis – chemical principles, suspended & dissolved species, detection and estimation, wet and instrumental approaches (1 hr)

Soil: Composition variety, acid-base and ion exchange reactions, macro and micronutrients, wastes and pollutants, soil erosion (1 hr)

Civil Engg – 5 hrs duration

Water: General effects of contaminants in water on human health. WHO standards for drinking water (1 hr)

Waste Water: Origin of waste water (Municipal & Industrial), their effects on limnological and ecological systems (1 hr)

Effluent standards, basic concepts of environmental impact assessment (1 hr)

Solid Waste Management: Effects of municipal solid waste (MSW) on ground water and general environment. Hidden costs of environment pollution (1 hr)

Source segregation, basic principles of land filling, composting and vermiculture (1 hr)

Reference Books:

1. Environmental Pollution Control Engg., C S Rao, Wiley Easter Ltd Pub
2. Introduction to Environmental Engg., M L Davis, D A Cornwell, McGraw Mill International Pub.

Humanities & Social Sciences – 4 hrs duration

Environmental Ethics: Anthropocentric and biocentric systems of ecoethics. the nature of values and the values of nature.

Ecological Thinking: The deep ecology movement and its concerns.

Environmental Economics: Nature as resource, renewability; rural/urban imbalances; Gandhi Economics; Sustainable development.

Environmental Policy Making: International Regulations; Environmental law making: land use, forest conservation, coastal settlements; Industries: Size, location, hazards, enforcement, services, training and education.

Prescribed Text:

Bernard J Nebel, Richard T Wright; Environmental Science: The way the world works, New Jersey 1998

Recommended Reading:

Wendell Berry: The Unsettling of America, Culture & Agriculture, New York 1978
M K Gandhi, Hind Swaraj (any edition)
Ramachandra Guha: (Ed) Social Ecology, New Delhi 1994
Ramachandra Guha: Environmentalism: A Global History, New Delhi 2000
Lawrence E Johnson: A Morally Deep World: An Essay on Moral
Significance and Environmental Ethics, Cambridge 1991
Freya Mathews: The Ecological Self, London 1991
Arine Naess: Ecology, Community and Lifestyle, Outline of an Ecosophy, Cambridge 1989
Rodrick Frazier Nash: The Rights of Nature, A History of Environmental Ethics, Madison (Wisconsin) 1983
Bryan G Norton: Why Preserve Natural Variety, New Jersey 1987
Paul W Taylor: Respect for Nature, A Theory of Environment Ethics, Princeton 1986
Michael Tobias: Deep Ecology An Anthrology, San Diego 1985

Physics: 2 hrs duration

Physics of environment, physical techniques of monitoring pollution

Video shows common for all