# Thermodynamics

No.SubjectLTPCCat.
ME 1100Thermodynamics3--3BET

Fundamentals – System & Control volume, Property, State & Process, Exact & Inexact differentials; Work – Thermodynamic definition of work; examples, Displacement work, Path dependence of displacement work and illustrations for simple processes, Fully resisted, partially resisted and unresisted process, Other forms of work – gravitational, electrical, magnetic, spring and shaft; Temperature – Definition of thermal equilibrium, Zeroth law, Definition of temperature and temperature scales, Various Thermometers; Heat – Definition; examples of heat/work interaction in systems.

First Law – Cyclic & Non-cyclic processes, Concept of total energy E, Demonstration that E is a property, Various modes of energy; Pure substance – Two property rule, Enthalpy and internal energy; Ideal Gases and Mixtures of Ideal Gases; Properties of water-steam system – Const. temperature and Const. pressure heating, Definitions of saturated states, P-v-T surface, Use of steam tables-Saturation tables, Superheated tables, Identification of states & determination of properties; First Law for Flow Processes – Derivation of general energy equation for a control volume, Steady state steady flow processes, Examples of steady flow devices, Unsteady processes; Second law – Definitions of direct and reverse heat engines – Definitions of thermal efficiency and COP, Kelvin-Planck and Clausius statements, Definition of reversible process, Internal and external irreversibilities, Carnot cycle, Absolute temperature scale; Entropy – Clausius inequality, Definition of entropy S, Demonstration that entropy S is a property, Evaluation of S for solids, liquids, and ideal gases undergoing various processes, Determination of s from steam tables, Examples – Turbine, compressor, pump, nozzle, diffuser, Definition of Isentropic efficiency , Available and Unavailable energy, Concept of Irreversibility and Lost work; Thermodynamic cycles – Basic Rankine cycle, Basic Brayton cycle, Basic vapor compression cycle.

References:

1. Spalding, D. B. and Cole, E. H., Engineering Thermodynamics, Edward Arnold, 1976.
2. Nag, P.K, Engineering Thermodynamics, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1995.
3. Jones, J. B. and Dugan, R. E., Engineering Thermodynamics, Prentice-Hall India, 1996.
4. Moran, M.J. and Shapiro, H.N., Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley, 1999.
5. Sonntag, R. E, Borgnakke, C. and Van Wylen, G. J., Sixth Edition, Fundamentals of Thermodynamics, John Wiley, 2003.

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